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Brazil in the World Cup 1962 - Chile

«Brazil in past World Cups.

Matches and Players

Brazil in the 1962 World Cup - Chile

The team in the final match against Czechoslovakia:
Djalma Santos, Zito, Gilmar, Zózimo, Nilton Santos and Mauro;
Garrincha, Didi, Vavá, Amarildo and Zagallo.

The team (line-up in first match, against México): Gilmar; Djalma Santos, Mauro (C), Zózimo and Nílton Santos; Zito and Didi; Garrincha, Vavá, Pelé and Zagalo.
Substitutes: Castilho (G), Jair Marinho, Bellini, Jurandir, Altair, Zequinha, Mengálvio, Jair da Costa, Amarildo, Coutinho and Pepe.
Coach: Aymoré Moreira.

The Matches:
»Brazil 2 x 0 Mexico.
»Brazil 0 x 0 Czechoslovakia.
»Brazil 2 x 1 Spain.
»Brazil 3 x 1 England.
»Brazil 4 x 2 Chile.
»Brazil 3 x 1 Czechoslovakia.

Read also information about the World Cup Brazil 2014:
»Cities; info about all twelve host cities.
»Stadiums; all stadiums of the World Cup.
»Teams; playing the finals in Brazil.
»Tickets; how and where to buy.
»Confederations Cup 2013, a rehearsal for the World Cup.

The Preparation

As champion of the 1958 World Cup, Brazil didn't have to play the Qualifiers of the 1962 Cup.

Brazil maintained the same basis of the team which won in 1958.
Zito, Pelé and Garrincha were now principals. Gilmar, Djalma Santos, Didi, Nilton Santos and Vavá, all present in the final match against Sweden in 1958 were also there.
A few modifications: Zózimo replaced Orlando (injured) and Mauro, after a fierce - and fair - dispute, gained the position and the captainship of the team from Bellini.

1962 Poster
1962 Poster

Paulo Machado de Carvalho, the director of the 1958 campaign, was still in charge.
The coach of 1958, Vicente Feola, fell ill and had to be replaced by Aymoré Moreira, who also had good relations with Paulo Machado.
The psychologist of 1958, who had said that Garrincha could not play in the Brazilian team, was also replaced.

The team was defined by Moreira after a series of friendly matches in Brazil, in April and May of 1962.
Brazil won six matches, two each against Paraguay, Portugal and Wales. The ideal line-up was so undisputed that, along the six matches of the Cup, there would be only one substitution: Amarildo in place of Pelé, injured.
The team which left to Chile had the confidence of Brazilians fans, but not of foreigners. European magazines alleged that the team was basically the same of 1958 (meaning that their scheme was already known), but four years older. Among the principals, Pelé was the youngest, with 22 years; Nilton Santos was the oldest, with 37; Gilmar, Djalma Santos, Mauro, Zito, Garrincha and Zagallo were all over 30.
In the match against Spain, the experience of Nilton Santos would be fundamental to keep Brazil in the Cup (read below).

The Matches

Brazil's first match was against Mexico.
Zagallo scored the first Brazilian goal, at 11' of the second half. Shortly after, Pelé got rid of four Mexicans and scored his first goal in the Cup. It seemed that Pelé wanted to show that his performance in 1958 had not happened by chance.

The second match was against Czechoslovakia (this match would be repeated weeks later, in the final of the Cup). The final score was 0 x 0.
Brazil played part of the game with ten players (substitutions during a game were not allowed before the 1970 Cup); Pelé, after a strong kick which hit the Czech crossbar, felt a muscular lesion which kept him out of all matches till the end of the Cup (ironically, when everyone was concerned with the age of Brazilian players, the youngest was the only one to get injured).

The next match, against Spain, was decisive.
That year, the Spanish team had a set of naturalized players: di Stefano, from Argentina; Puskas, from Hungary; Martinez, from Paraguay; Santamaria, from Uruguay.
To replace Pelé, even though other options were considered, Aymoré Moreira opted for the simplest solution: Amarildo, natural substitute of Pelé, would play. Besides his natural talent, Amarildo had another advantage: he played in Botafogo, the same team of Didi, Nilton Santos, Garrincha and Zagallo (besides Botafogo, Santos was the other team with high presence in that team: Gilmar, Mauro, Zito, Pelé, Coutinho, Pepe and Mengálvio played with Santos).

Spain scored the first goal, still in the first half; Spain had control of the game in the first half.
In the beginning of second half, a play which could have changed the destiny of the cup. A Spaniard dribbles Nilton Santos inside the penalty area, and Nilton hauls him down: a penalty kick, for sure. Then, Nilton Santos notices that the referee is far away, running towards him, and that the line referee is in the opposite site, also distant from the play. Nilton Santos raises both his arms (as to deny he commited the foul) and slowly walks outside the area. When the referee gets close, Nilton Santos is one step outside the penalty area, and the referee anotates a free kick, instead of a penalty kick; Nilton Santos pretends to complain.

Had the referee confirmed the penalty to Spain, and this had been converted into goal, the match would be 2 x 0 to Spain, and it would be much more difficult for Brazil to win. This play is often exhibited in Brazilian television, there is no questioning about its veracity.
Then, it was turn for Amarildo's star to shine. At 27', he crossed the ball into the area and Zagallo scored. Five minutes before the end, Garrincha crossed and Amarildo scored. Brazil won Spain by 2 x 1.

In the next match against England, Garrincha started to show to Brazilians that they shouldn't miss Pelé (indeed, many say that Garrincha was better than Pelé).
The main ability of Garrincha's was the dribble.
He had one leg a few inches shorter than the other. This anomaly gave him an small extra thrust when he was to trickle adversaries; this small advantage was enough for Garrincha to trickle virtually anyone.
A story goes that, when Garrincha was doing his first test in Botafogo, he had no problems in getting past Nilton Santos, who immediately suggested Botafoto to contract him.

Against England (and in the following matches), Garrincha was not only the best dribbler in the world.
At 30' of first half, Garrincha jumps higher than the tall English defenders and heads the ball into goal, scoring 1 x 0. England tied the match in the first half. In the second half, Garrincha attempts a free kick, the ball hits the barrier and, in the sequence, Vavá scores (Didi, one of the best free kickers in Brazilian History, tells a story: he, Didi, was supposed to kick all free kicks near the area; at that play against England, as usual, he put the ball on the best spot and walked back, to take distance for the kick; when he turns over, he sees Garrincha, without any warning, running and kicking the ball; Didi never knew what happened in Garrincha's mind).
Shortly after, another unusual scene: Garrincha is served the ball about 10 meters distant from the area; surprisingly (especially to Brazilians), he attempts a kick, and the English goalkeeper doesn't get even near the ball. Brazil won by 3 x 1.

The semi-final was against Chile.
Brazil was far superior, but Chile had the support of the entire country, and there were serious questionings about the performance of Arturo Yamazaki, Peruvian referee who would have made mistakes in favour of Chile.

But Brazil had Garrincha. Early in the first half, Garrincha surprises again: from outside the penalty area, he shoots with his (seldom used) left feet and scores 1 x 0. Still in the first half, Zagallo crosses the ball and Garrinchas heads it to goal. In the second half, conscious of their superiority, the Brazilian team scores another two goals (Vavá) and awaits the final whistle.

Brazil beat Chile by 4 x 2, and would face Czechoslovakia again in the final match.

Brazil and Czechoslovakia played the final match on June 17th 1962.
The Czechs scored first, 15' of first half.
The Czechs knew they had to stop Garrincha, and he was rigorously followed. However, the Czechs forgot about Amarildo.
Amarildo scored the first Brazilian goal still in the first half. At 25' of second half, Amarildo crosses to Zagallo, who scores 2 x 1. At 31', Djalma Santos realizes that the Czech goalkeeper is too ahead of the goal, and tries to surprise him; the goalkeeper manages to touch the ball, but Vavá was nearby and scored the last Brazilian goal.

Brazil was bi-champion of the World, much thanks to Garrincha.

World Cup 1962 - Other Info

»FIFA Archives of the 1962 World Cup.

»On May 21st 1960, Chile was hit by the strongest earthquake seen by mankind.
The earthquake caused volcanos to erupt, rivers to change courses, entire cities were destroyed. It is estimated that two million people were unsheltered, after the quake.
Some people asked the Chilean World Cup Committee whether they wanted to pass to other country the organization of the event. However, Carlos Dittborn, chief of the Committee, clearly stated: "we will never give up. Our people, who is trying to get over a national tragedy, needs this Cup to help forget all suffering we have been through since 1960". Dittborn died before the opening of the Cup; Chile organized the Cup flawlessly.

book Garrincha »Garrincha passed away on January 20, 1983 of cirrhosis of the liver. He was poor and alone.
Garrincha enjoyed playing football; he didn't care about "details" such as salaries and doctors injecting drugs into his knees.
A book about the life of Garrincha became famous in Brazil.
The book was called "Estrela Solitária" (Lonely Star), and was translated to English (see Amazon).
The book gained notoriety not only for revealing how many people took advantage Garrincha's naivety before abandoning him, but also because, for several years, the book suffered censorship (some people mentioned by the book, including Garrincha's relatives, felt offended by the contents of the book).

»Garrincha was sent off match in the semi-final match against Chile. His trial would take place the following day and, if convicted, Garrincha would not play the final against the Czechs. The main piece of accusation was a report by the assistant referee, Esteban Marino, from Uruguay.
Rumours say that the Brazilian staff used very persuasive means to convince mr. Marino to return early to Montevideo, taking his report. So, for lack of evidences, Garrincha was absolved and could play against the Czechs.

»The Brazilian coach in 1962, Aymoré Moreira, was brother of Zezé Moreira, coach of Brazil in the 1954 World Cup.

»Not only Spain had naturalized players. In the Italian team, the center-forward Altafini was the same player who, in 1958, had defended Brazil with the name of Mazola; in 1958, Mazola was substituted by Pelé, and the main reason was that Mazola had received a millionaire offer to play in Italy.

»During Brazil x England, a small dog invaded the field. After everyone else failed, the dog was cleverly captured by Jimmy Greaves, who crawled on all fours towards the puppy, and grabbed it without scaring it.

»Chile and Italy, one of the most violent matches of all Cups, became known as Battle of Santiago. Chileans were more violent, but two Italians were expelled and another one (actually, a Chilean naturalized Italian), Maschio, had his nose broken. This was only the second match of Chileans, but observers started to notice that referees seemed to err often in favour of them.