Many foreigners see Brazil as a country without laws. That is not true. The problem in Brazil is that people do not obey the laws.
Brazil have several laws which are as advanced as their counterparts in developed countries. The Brazilian Code of Defense of Consumers, for example, dates back to 1990, and has been proven effective to protect many consumers who know how to fight for their rights.
The Brazilian National Transit Code is another example of a modern law. If the nearly 300 articles were obeyed by drivers, Brazil would be one of the best countries in the World to drive. The law imposes duties to the Administration (unsafe cars should not be licensed), to drivers (even change lanes without blinking the lights is an infraction), pedestrians (jaywalking is an infraction in Brazil), the Police (alcohol limit is zero – the Police must fine or arrest drunk drivers), the Justice, etc. Nonetheless, per year, 42,000 people die in transit accidents in Brazil.
Today, Brazilian newspapers inform that President Lula approved a law to decrease violence and improve organization in the Sports events in Brazil.
This new law, Law 12.299, from July 27th 2010, is actually just an amendment to the Law 10.671, from May 15th 2003, which in the first article declares: “This Statute establishes norms for the protection and defense of Sports Fans“. The law applies to all sports events, and not only football (events like the matches of the Brazilian Volleyball Teams or the Formula One GP should also observe this law).
Just like the Transit Code, the Sports Fans law is very detailed, but has been ignored by everyone.
Some articles of the law:
- all events should have an ombudsman, to whom all fans should have open access, and who should respond to all complaints by the fans;
- every fan must be insured, right from the moment he enters the venue; there must be one doctor, two nurses and one ambulance for every 10,000 fans (article 16); fact: there is not even room for more than two ambulances.
- it is a right of fans to be safe; a plan of action covering safety, transportation and contingencies must be implemented at every sports event (article 17); see here.
- venues with capacity higher than 20,000 must have camera surveillance (article 18);
- it is a right of fans that tickets must be put on sale no later than 72 hours before the starting of the match; a receipt of sale of tickets must be provided (article 20); see here.
- all tickets must be numbered, and there must be a seat matching the ticket number (article 22); in Brazil, this is impossible - see here;
- transportation system must be safe and organized; parking space must be available to all fans, and special means of transportation must be available to people with accessibility deficiencies (articles 26 and 27); fact: parking and accessibility is a major problem for most stadiums – the renovation of Morumbi would cost much less if Sao Paulo hadn’t to purchase lots to turn into parking space.
- food and sanitaries must be clean and hygienic (articles 28 and 29); ah, ah, ah.
- in case of violation of this law, the entities which organize the events will be penalized, and the President of the organizing entity shall be destituted (article 37); in the case of football, such entity is CBF;
- fans who promote riot, practice or incite violence, should be prohibited from attending sports event, for a period no shorter than three months (article 39).
So far, nobody cared about really enforcing this law.
If FIFA and CBF use their powers to oblige the Brazilian authorities to enforce the law, that would be an important legacy for Brazil post-2014.