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Brazil - Judiciary Power

There are distinct Justices in Brazil. Depending on the nature of the conflict, a case may be filed at State or Federal Justice (there is no Judiciary system in the municipalities), or in Labour or Electoral Justice (both maintained by the Federal Justice). The competences of each body are defined by the Federal Constitution.

The Judiciary Power was radically changed by the Constitutional Amendment 45, promulgated on December 8th 2004. This CA became known as the Reform of the Judiciary, and changed nearly all articles of the Constitution which had references to the Judiciary Power. Previously, CA 24, from December 9th 1999, had changed some articles regarding the Labour Justice.

Check out the Chapter of the Constitution which regulates the Judiciary Power in Brazil (articles 92 to 126).

Click the links below to read more about the competences of the Justice in Brazil.

Article 92. The following are the bodies of the Judicial Power:

  • the Supreme Federal Court;
  • National Council of Justice;
  • the Superior Court of Justice;
  • the Federal Regional Courts and the Federal Judges;
  • the Labour Courts and Judges;
  • the Electoral Courts and Judges;
  • the Military Courts and Judges;
  • the Courts and Judges of the states, of the Federal District and of the territories.

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